March 11, 2018

IV. Professional Development

“10 years of coaching without reflection is like one year repeated ten times”

Gilbert and Trudel (2006)

Expanding beyond the S&C field, the specificity trap can also be interpreted within the much coveted domain of experience. Drawing upon an analogy, during World War One, mules were called upon to transport heavy military equipment and supplies. One particular mule accompanied the soldier on the battlefield for every mission. By the end of the war, the soldier went on...

March 11, 2018

II. Training

“Sport specific drills or sport specific qualities?”

Many coaches will fall into the ‘trap’ of taking a primary skill from their sport and overloading it in the hope of an enhanced carry-over effect when the skill is performed under normal conditions. An example of applying such overload would be a boxing coach instructing his athlete to spar with dumbbells based on the assumption that once the method of overload is removed, the athlete’s skill (e.g. jab) will be more powerful than be...

March 11, 2018

I. Introduction

The principle of specificity relates to improvements or adaptations that are a direct product of the demands encountered during training activities (1). Within the field of strength and conditioning (S&C), a point of confusion often stems from a lack of distinguishing between skills (technique, coordination, rhythm) and capacities (force production, aerobic capacity, tissue quantity e.g. tendon stiffness, muscle cross-sectional area) in regards to the investment of training time (...

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